The eur/ epal type pallet is used for transporting a wide range of goods. It is commonly known as the euro pallet or europallet.
The load capacity of EPALs depends on how the load is laid out. It is within the range from 1 to 1.5 tonnes if the pallet is transported with a load. Pallets which are not lifted and are used only for stationary storage of goods have a capacity up to 4,000 kg. Standard EPAL models weigh around 25 kg. Their characteristic durability means they are suitable for multiple use.
EUR pallets are subject to protection by the Industrial Property Law. Europallets can be recognised by their characteristic symbol – UIC and EUR in an oval. There are various types of EUR pallet – the classic EUR (EUR1) as well as EUR 2, EUR 3 and EUR 6. The EUR symbol is a legally protected trademark. The different types vary in details connected with their structure and dimensions. A characteristic feature of all EUR pallets is their cut-off corners. The maximum permissible moisture content for EPAL pallets is 22%. All pallets are subjected to phytosanitary ISPM 15 processing. This process is confirmed by the IPPC symbol. Equally indispensable is drying the pallets in special chambers.
It is acceptable to use solid wood and compressed ground wood blocks for the production of EPALs. Every EUR pallet bears the symbol of the railway or EPAL on the left and right support block, manufacturer number (alphanumeric designation), the year and month of production on the middle block, a bracket and nail (if the pallet has been repaired).
Although wooden pallets now face competition from plastic pallets, they are still the most common material for transporting products.
In addition, in recent years euro pallets have begun to be used in interior design. Furniture is made from whole pallets or fragments, with the designer’s imagination being the only limit to its design.